Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
https://actalb.org/article/doi/10.1590/S2179-975X5623
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
Original Article

Flood did not cause the taxonomic and functional homogenization of Chironomidae (Diptera) community in a Neotropical floodplain

A cheia não causou homogeneização taxonômica e funcional da comunidade de Chironomidae (Diptera) em uma planície de inundação neotropical

João Pabllo Silva da Silva; Danielle Katharine Petsch

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Abstract

Aim: We investigated the hypothesis that flood decreases the taxonomic and functional beta diversity of Chironomidae (Diptera) larvae among floodplain lakes, causing biotic homogenization.

Methods: We collected benthic samples using a modified Petersen grab in 18 lakes in a flood period (March 2011) and a drought period (September 2011) in the Upper Paraná River floodplain. We compared the taxonomic and functional beta diversity of Chironomidae among lakes in flood and drought periods using a multivariate dispersion analysis (PERMDISP).

Results: We found similar taxonomic and functional beta diversity of the Chironomidae between hydrological periods.

Conclusions: We did not find evidence of biotic homogenization due to flood pulse. Our findings suggest other mechanisms besides increasing connectivity and environmental similarity due to flood pulse that may structure the benthic community, such as variation in the identity of flood-tolerant morphospecies across lakes.

Keywords

biotic homogenization, beta diversity, Upper Paraná River floodplain, zoobenthos

Resumo

Objetivo: Nós investigamos a hipótese que a cheia reduz a diversidade beta taxonômica e funcional de larvas de Chironomidae (Diptera) em lagoas de inundação causando homogeneização biótica.

Métodos: Coletamos amostras bentônicas usando uma draga do tipo Petersen modificado em 18 lagoas em um período de cheia (março de 2011) e um período de seca (setembro de 2011) na planície de inundação do alto rio Paraná. Nós comparamos a diversidade beta taxonômica e funcional nos períodos de cheia e de seca usando uma análise de dispersão multivariada (PERMDISP).

Resultados: Nós encontramos que a diversidade beta de Chironomidae foi similar entre os períodos hidrológicos.

Conclusões: Nós não encontramos evidência de homogeneização biótica devido à cheia. Nossos resultados sugerem outros mecanismos além do aumento da conectividade e da similaridade ambiental devido ao pulso de inundação estruturam a comunidade bentônica, tais como a variação na identidade das espécies tolerantes à cheia entre as lagoas.

Palavras-chave

homogeneização biótica, diversidade beta, planície de inundação do alto rio Paraná, zoobentos

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Submitted date:
06/23/2023

Accepted date:
01/18/2024

Publication date:
02/08/2024

65c4d98ea9539572ca248642 alb Articles
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