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Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
https://actalb.org/article/doi/10.1590/S2179-975X4921
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
Original Article

Seasonal patterns may influence the diet of the lambari Serrapinnus notomelas (Eigenmann 1915)

Padrões sazonais podem influenciar a dieta do lambari Serrapinnus notomelas (Eigenmann 1915)

Nathália Cardamoni Santiago; Victoria Silva Wiezel Santos; Thiago Deruza Garcia; Ana Paula Vidotto-Magnoni; Fernando Camargo Jerep

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Abstract

Abstract:: Aim: This study investigated whether seasonal variations have an effect on diet composition of Serrapinnus notomelas in a marginal lagoon located under the area of influence of the Tibagi River, Upper Paraná Basin.

Methods: Samples were carried out monthly between February 2017 and January 2018, and fish specimens were caught with two sieves (2 mm mesh). The volumetric and occurrence method were used to quantify stomach contents.

Results: A total of 358 stomachs had their contents analyzed. The autochthonous resources were dominant in the diet of S. notomelas in all seasons, with a predominance of algae, detritus and Tecamebas. Meanwhile, plant material was the most abundant allochthonous resource in the diet. Diet composition showed significant differences between all seasons, while in the autumn and summer seasons, individuals showed greater trophic niche breadth, respectively.

Conclusions: Our results show the great importance of autochthonous resources for the maintenance of the S. notomelas population, and that seasonality can influence the trophic composition in the species' diet. We observed difference in the diet during the seasons and that during autumn and summer, individuals presented a greater breadth of the trophic niche. Thus, our results corroborate with knowledge to the preservation of small fish species, which are fundamental for the trophic network in ecosystems.

Keywords

resource availability, Tibagi river, trophic ecology, seasonal variation

Resumo

Resumo:: Objetivo: Este estudo investigou se variações sazonais induzem mudança na composição da dieta de Serrapinnus notomelas em uma lagoa marginal situada sob a área de influência do rio Tibagi, Bacia do Alto Paraná.

Métodos: As coletas foram realizadas mensalmente de fevereiro de 2017 a janeiro de 2018, e os exemplares foram capturados com duas peneiras (malha de 2 mm). O método volumétrico e de ocorrência foram usados para quantificar o conteúdo estomacal.

Resultados: Um total de 358 estômagos tiveram os seus conteúdos analisados. Os recursos autóctones foram dominantes na dieta de S. notomelas em todas as estações, com predominância de algas, detritos e Tecamebas. Vegetais foram os recursos alóctones mais abundante na dieta. A composição da dieta apresentou diferenças significativas entre todas as estações, e nas estações do outono e verão os indivíduos apresentaram maior amplitude de nicho trófico, respectivamente.

Conclusões: Nossos resultados mostram a grande importância dos recursos autóctones para a manutenção da população de S. notomelas, e que a sazonalidade pode influenciar a composição trófica na dieta da espécie. Observamos diferenças na dieta durante as estações, e que durante o outono e verão, os indivíduos apresentaram uma maior amplitude do nicho trófico. Assim, nossos resultados corroboram com informações para a preservação das espécies de pequeno porte, fundamentais para a rede trófica nos ecossistemas.
 

Palavras-chave

disponibilidade de recursos, rio Tibagi, ecologia trófica, variação sazonal

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Submitted date:
07/25/2021

Accepted date:
05/20/2022

Publication date:
06/08/2022

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