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Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
https://actalb.org/article/doi/10.1590/S2179-975X4721
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
Review Article

On the significance of wetlands: three decades of aquatic macroinvertebrate monitoring programs in a Neotropical floodplain

A importância de planícies de inundação: três décadas de programa de monitoramento de macroinvertebrados aquáticos em uma planície de inundação Neotropical

Ana Paula dos Santos Bertoncin; Rafael Prandini Tramonte; Gisele Daiane Pinha; Camila Gentilin-Avanci; Marcelo Volta Cortes de Oliveira; Roger Paulo Mormul

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Abstract

Abstract: Aim: Wetland areas have high environmental complexity and support high biodiversity. Therefore, global efforts are required to preserve these areas. Here, we show the results of three decades of monitoring programs regarding macroinvertebrate species from the upper Paraná River floodplain, which is an important wetland conservation area in the neotropics.

Methods: We searched the literature from 1990 to 2020 and selected studies that addressed questions related to benthic or macrophyte-associated macroinvertebrates in the study area.

Results: We retained 92 articles that matched the criteria. We noticed that the number of publications increased after 2009, and most studies were related to lentic environments. Sediment was the most studied substrate, showing the highest taxa record and diversity, followed by aquatic macrophytes. We found records of 517 taxa, from which the families Chironomidae, Cyprididae, and Naididae presented the highest taxonomic richness. The taxa richness observed in our study was lower than the bootstrap richness estimated.

Conclusions: The lack of signs of curve stabilisation through time for both observed and estimated taxa richness could indicate the macroinvertebrate richness from the upper Paraná River floodplain must be underestimated. In this way, once most of the studies reported results related to long-term ecological research, we argue for the continuity of such studies in floodplains as a powerful tool to assess biodiversity, which can provide useful data for the creation of conservation strategies that enhance the maintenance of biodiversity in such areas.

Keywords

aquatic invertebrates, richness, environmental complexity, biological diversity, upper Paraná River floodplain

Resumo

Resumo: Objetivo: Planícies de inundação apresentam elevada complexidade ambiental e sustentam a biodiversidade da região. Assim, esforços globais são necessários para preservar essas áreas. Este trabalho sumariza o resultado de três décadas de programas de monitoramento de espécies de macroinvertebrados da planície de inundação do alto rio Paraná, a qual é uma expressiva área de conservação neotropical.

Métodos: Foi realizada uma busca bibliográfica na literatura de 1990 a 2020 e foram selecionados os estudos que abordavam questões relacionadas a macroinvertebrados bentônicos ou associados às macrófitas aquáticas na área de estudo.

Resultados: Foram selecionados 92 artigos, os quais seguiam os critérios da busca. Observou-se que o número de publicações aumentou após o ano 2009, e a maioria dos estudos encontrados estava relacionada aos ambientes lênticos. Dentre os substratos analisados nos trabalhos, o sedimento foi o mais estudado, apresentando maior registro e diversidade de taxa, seguido pelas macrófitas aquáticas. No total foram encontrados registros de 517 taxa, sendo que as famílias Chironomidae, Cyprididae e Naididae foram as que apresentaram a maior riqueza taxonômica. A riqueza de taxa observada no estudo foi inferior à estimada pelo Bootstrap.

Conclusões: A falta de sinais de estabilização da curva ao longo do tempo para a riqueza de táxons observada e estimada pode indicar que a riqueza de macroinvertebrados da planície de inundação do alto rio Paraná deve estar subestimada. Dessa forma, uma vez que a maioria dos estudos reportou resultados relacionados a pesquisas ecológicas de longa duração, defendemos a continuidade de tais estudos em planícies de inundação como uma poderosa ferramenta para avaliar a biodiversidade, os quais podem fornecer dados úteis para a criação de estratégias de conservação que melhorem a manutenção da biodiversidade em tais áreas.
 

Palavras-chave

invertebrados aquáticos, riqueza taxonômica, complexidade ambiental, diversidade biológica, planície de inundação do alto Rio Paraná

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Submitted date:
07/20/2021

Accepted date:
03/14/2022

Publication date:
04/28/2022

626a933ca9539538de76d243 alb Articles
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Acta Limnol. Bras. (Online)

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