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Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
https://actalb.org/article/doi/10.1590/S2179-975X8220
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
Original Article

Index of Biotic Integrity based on fish assemblages for pampean streams and its implementation along the Del Azul stream (Buenos Aires province, Argentina)

Índice de integridade biótica baseado em assembleias de peixes em riachos pampeanos e sua implementação ao longo do riacho Del Azul (província de Buenos Aires, Argentina)

Ignacio Masson; José Gonzalez Castelain; Sabrina Dubny; Natalia Othax; Fabio Peluso

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Abstract

Abstract: : Aim: Freshwater communities respond to abiotic and biotic changes in the environment, and are widely used as indicators of environmental integrity. Fish have been one of the most used biological groups for this purpose. The Del Azul stream located in the pampean region of Argentina has been monitored using a physicochemical approach with this monitoring being sporadic due to economic and operational constraints associated with the chemical analyses. In this paper we developed an Index of Biotic Integrity for the Del Azul stream (IBIA) based on Karr´s Index of Biotic Integrity as an alternative.

Methods: We computed two existent physicochemical indexes for comparison, one of them is the NSF-WQI and the other one is a local index referred to as Water Quality Index for Del Azul Stream and based on the former.

Results: The three indexes followed similar trends along the examined reaches, showing good conditions in the upper basin, poor conditions just downstream of the urban area and a recovery state further downstream in the basin.

Conclusions: Since the IBIA followed the same patterns as the physicochemical indexes, has a lower implementation cost and it is simpler to apply, we promote it as an alternative to the traditional physicochemical water quality monitoring for pampean streams.

Keywords

biomonitoring, pampean fish, water quality, IBI, neotropical ichthyofauna

Resumo

Resumo: : Objetivo: Comunidades de água doce respondem a mudanças abióticas e bióticas no meio ambiente, sendo amplamente utilizadas como indicadores de integridade ambiental. Os peixes têm sido um dos grupos biológicos mais utilizados para esse fim. O riacho Del Azul, localizado na região pampeana da Argentina, tem sido monitorado até agora usando uma abordagem físico-química, sendo esse monitoramento esporádico devido a restrições econômicas e operacionais associadas às análises químicas. Neste artigo, desenvolvemos um Índice de Integridade Biótica para o riacho Del Azul (IBIA) com base no Índice de Integridade Biótica de Karr como uma alternativa.

Métodos: Calculamos dois índices físico-químicos existentes para comparação, sendo um deles o NSF-WQI e o outro um índice local referido como Índice de Qualidade da Água para o Riacho Del Azul que é baseado no primeiro.

Resultados: Os três índices mostraram tendências semelhantes ao longo dos trechos examinados, detectando boas condições no trecho superior da bacia, condições mínimas no final da área urbana e recuperação em direção ao trecho inferior da bacia.

Conclusões: Como o IBIA segue os mesmos padrões dos índices fisicoquímicos, tem menor custo de implantação e é mais simples de aplicar, o promovemos como alternativa ao tradicional monitoramento fisico-químico da qualidade da água para riachos pampeanos.
 

Palavras-chave

biomonitoramento, peixe pampeano, qualidade da água, IBI, ictiofauna neotropical

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Submitted date:
08/18/2020

Accepted date:
01/26/2021

Publication date:
05/04/2021

60917ebfa9539525ea454232 alb Articles
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Acta Limnol. Bras. (Online)

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