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Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
https://actalb.org/article/doi/10.1590/S2179-975X5620
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
Original Article

Zooplankton functional complementarity between temporary and permanent environments

Complementariedade funcional zooplanctônica entre ambientes aquáticos temporários e permanentes

Rayanne Barros Setubal; Reinaldo Luiz Bozelli

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Abstract

Abstract:: Aims: This study aims to evaluate the functional complementarity of the zooplankton community between temporary ponds and permanent lagoons. We hypothesize that temporary environments will be functionally more diverse than permanent environments and will have different functional composition.

Methods: Five temporary ponds and five permanent lagoons were compared regarding their limnological characteristics, species richness, functional diversity indices and functional trait composition.

Results: No differences between ponds and lagoons were found regarding mean species richness and functional diversity. However, a larger number of species was found in the set of temporary environments i.e., although the mean richness was the same, the species' identity varied from one pond to another. Ponds showed greater variability in functional trait composition, resulting in significant differences in zooplankton functional dispersion. Ponds also presented a greater range of limnological characteristics.

Conclusions: Temporary and permanent environments present high limnological and functional complementarity, which make them important for maintaining biodiversity on a regional scale. Temporary environments seem to be refugees for species that do not settle in more stable environments because these species are more likely to colonize environments that periodically restart their successional trajectory. Therefore, actions that seek to preserve complementary environments are essential and urgent, especially those related to small and temporary environments.

Keywords

functional dispersion, ponds, lagoons, functional diversity, species richness

Resumo

Resumo:: Objetivo: Este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar a complementaridade funcional da comunidade zooplanctônica entre poças temporárias e lagoas permanentes. Nossa hipótese é de que ambientes temporários serão funcionalmente mais diversificados que ambientes permanentes e terão composição funcional diferente, sendo complementares entre si.

Métodos: Cinco lagoas e cinco poças foram comparadas quanto às características limnológicas, riqueza de espécies, índices de diversidade funcional e composição de características funcionais.

Resultados: Não foram encontradas diferenças significativas entre lagoas e poças em relação à riqueza e diversidade funcional. Todavia, uma maior variabilidade de espécies foi encontrada no conjunto de ambientes temporários, ou seja, embora a riqueza média tenha sido a mesma, a identidade das espécies variou de uma poça para outra. Poças apresentaram maior variabilidade na composição de traços funcionais, resultando em diferenças significativas nos valores de dispersão funcional. Poças apresentaram também uma maior amplitude de variação das características limnológicas.

Conclusões: Ambientes temporários e permanentes apresentam alta complementaridade limnológica e funcional, o que os torna importantes para a manutenção da biodiversidade em escala regional. Ambientes temporários parecem ser refúgios de espécies que não se estabelecem em ambientes mais estáveis, porque essas espécies têm maior probabilidade de colonizar ambientes que reiniciam periodicamente sua trajetória sucessional. Ações que buscam preservar ambientes complementares são essenciais e urgentes, principalmente aquelas direcionadas a ambientes pequenos e temporários.
 

Palavras-chave

dispersão funcional, poças, lagoas, diversidade funcional, riqueza de espécies

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05/27/2020

Accepted date:
07/10/2020

Publication date:
04/23/2021

6083238ba953951d78785ba3 alb Articles
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Acta Limnol. Bras. (Online)

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