Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
https://actalb.org/article/doi/10.1590/S2179-975X5222
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
Original Article

Ichthyoplankton distribution set by different environments shapes in a coastal freshwater lagoon

Distribuição do ictioplâncton determinada por diferentes ambientes em uma lagoa costeira de água doce

Carolina Antonieta Lopes; David Augusto Reynalte-Tataje; Alex Pires de Oliveira Nuñer

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Abstract

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the spatial and temporal distribution of ichthyoplankton in the Peri Lagoon, a coastal freshwater lagoon in Brazil.

Methods: Ichthyoplankton samples were collected every two months from June 2008 to April 2010 with 500 µm conical-cylindrical planktonic nets at five sampling stations.

Results: In total, 181 fish eggs and 1,315 larvae, representing estuarine and freshwater species, were captured. The most representative species were Awaous tajasica, Ctenogobius sp1, and Platanichthys platana. Significant differences were found in temporal egg distribution and larval spatiotemporal distribution (Kruskal-Wallis test, p < 0.05). Eggs were predominantly captured during the autumn, winter, and spring Neotropical seasons. Geospatial analysis demonstrated spatial segregation in the distribution of larval assemblages, with higher abundances in areas adjacent to riparian forests, following stream mouths, and deeper areas with rocky substrates.

Conclusions: Proximity to streams and areas surrounded by dense forests is crucial for the spawning and development of fish species in the Peri Lagoon. The findings of this study provide valuable insights into the conservation of the ichthyofauna in this unique environment.

Keywords

fish, reproduction, Peri Lagoon, freshwater environment, abiotic factors

Resumo

Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a distribuição espacial e temporal do ictioplâncton na lagoa do Peri, uma lagoa costeira de água doce no Brasil.

Método: s: O ictioplâncton foi coletado bimestralmente de junho de 2008 a abril de 2010 com redes cônico-cilíndricas planctônicas de 500 µm em cinco estações de amostragem.

Resultados: Neste estudo, foram capturados 181 ovos e 1.316 larvas de peixes de espécies estuarinas e de água doce. As espécies mais representativas foram Awaous tajasica, Ctenogobius sp1 e Platanichthys platana. O teste de Kruskal-Wallis (H) indicou que existem diferenças significativas na distribuição temporal dos ovos e na distribuição espaço-temporal das larvas (p<0,05). Em geral, os ovos foram capturados durante as estações de outono, inverno e primavera na Região Neotropical. A relevância do fator geoespacial mostrou segregação espacial na assembleia de larvas. As larvas foram capturadas em ambientes cercados por mata ciliar, próximo à foz de córregos, em áreas mais profundas com fundo rochoso.

Conclusões: Regiões próximas a córregos e cercadas por florestas densas parecem ser essenciais para a desova e desenvolvimento de espécies de peixes na lagoa do Peri. Este estudo pode orientar importantes diretrizes ambientais para a preservação da ictiofauna desse ambiente intocado e particular.
 

Palavras-chave

peixes, reprodução, Lagoa do Peri, ambiente de água doce, fatores abióticos

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Submitted date:
08/16/2022

Accepted date:
11/28/2023

Publication date:
01/08/2024

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