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Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
Original Article

Local and regional determinants of phytoplankton communities in water reservoirs from the Cerrado biome

Determinantes locais e regionais da comunidade fitoplanctônica em barragens de água do bioma Cerrado

Leonardo Beserra da Silva; Carla Albuquerque de Souza; Ludgero Cardoso Galli Vieira; Erina Vitório Rodrigues Antonio; Antonio Felipe Couto Junior

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Aim: Based on a study comprising water reservoirs within the Brazilian Cerrado biome, we seek to answer the following question: how does phytoplankton communities respond to environmental, landscape, and spatial predictors? We expected local predictors to be the main factors structuring the communities. Since phytoplankton has high dispersal capacity, the geographical distance would be of minor importance. Methods: We collected phytoplankton samples from 40 water reservoirs in the rainy season and 37 reservoirs in the dry season. We performed a partial Redundancy Analysis (pRDA) to evaluate the factors influencing the variation in the composition of phytoplankton communities.

Results: We found that spatially structured environmental factors were controlling phytoplankton communities at the rainy season, whereas landscape was the main predictor in the dry season. On the other hand, phytoplankton morphofunctional groups were influenced only by local predictors.

Conclusions: We demonstrated that phytoplankton dynamics differs between rainy and dry seasons, and that distinct predictors affect phytoplankton communities over seasons.


taxonomic classification, morphofunctional groups, water reservoirs, environmental variables, landscape, metacommunity theory



Objetivo: Com base em um estudo envolvendo reservatórios de água no bioma Cerrado brasileiro, buscamos responder a seguinte questão: como a comunidade fitoplanctônica responde a preditores ambientais, uso e ocupação do solo (paisagem) e preditores espaciais? Esperávamos que os preditores locais fossem os principais fatores estruturantes da comunidade. Como os organismos fitoplanctônicos têm grande capacidade de dispersão, a distância geográfica seria de menor importância.

Métodos: Coletamos amostras de fitoplâncton de 40 reservatórios de água na estação chuvosa e em 37 reservatórios na estação seca. Realizamos uma Análise de Redundância Parcial (pRDA) para avaliar os fatores que influenciam a variação na composição das comunidades fitoplanctônicas.

Resultados: Na estação chuvosa, encontramos sinais de que fatores ambientais espacialmente estruturados estavam controlando as comunidades fitoplanctônica, enquanto a paisagem foi o principal preditor na estação seca. Por outro lado, os grupos morfofuncionais do fitoplâncton foram influenciados apenas por preditores locais.

Conclusões: Demonstramos que a dinâmica das comunidades fitoplanctônicas difere na estação chuvosa e seca e que diferentes preditores afetam o fitoplâncton ao longo das estações do ano.


classificação taxonômica, grupos morfofuncionais, reservatórios de água, variáveis ambientais, paisagem, teoria de metacomunidades


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