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Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
https://actalb.org/article/doi/10.1590/S2179-975X5020
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
Original Article

A stream multimetric fish index in a large-sized city in south-eastern Brazil

Índice multimétrico de peixes de riachos em uma cidade de grande porte no Sudeste do Brasil

Guilherme Raphael Camargo Arcanjo Silva; Maurício Cetra

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Abstract

Abstract:: Aim: Our study was carried out to develop a multimetric index suitable for urban wadeable streams in Sorocaba, a large-sized city from the Atlantic rainforest in south-eastern Brazil.

Methods: Twenty-seven stream stretches were selected for environmental and fish evaluation. Twenty ecological metrics were tested over an environmental gradient between the reference and degraded stretches. Candidate metrics were screened for range, responsiveness, and redundancy. We calculated a multimetric fish index (MFI) subdivided into five quality classes: reference ≥ 0.8, 0.6 ≤ good < 0.8, 0.4 ≤ moderate < 0.6, 0.2 ≤ poor < 0.4, and bad < 0.2.

Results: Four metrics were adequate for discriminating higher biotic quality from degraded stretches. Five stream stretches (18%) were classified as a reference or good, and 16 (60%) were poor or bad. Three reference stretches could be used for a hydromorphological restoration programme.

Conclusion: Our results indicated that biological integrity was altered, which was indicative of severe environmental degradation. Our study results may be useful for a management and restoration project of the Sorocaba/Médio Tietê hydrographic basin.

Keywords

urban streams, habitat quality, Index of Biotic Integrity

Resumo

Resumo:: Objetivo: Nosso estudo foi realizado para desenvolver um índice multimétrico adequado para riachos urbanos em Sorocaba, uma cidade de grande porte inserida na Mata Atlântica do sudeste do Brasil.

Métodos: Vinte e sete trechos de riachos foram selecionados para avaliação ambiental e de peixes. Vinte métricas ecológicas foram testadas em um gradiente ambiental entre os trechos de referência e degradados. As métricas candidatas foram selecionadas quanto à amplitude, capacidade de resposta e redundância. Calculamos um índice multimétrico de peixes (MFI) subdividido em cinco classes de qualidade: referência ≥ 0,8, 0,6 ≤ bom <0,8, 0,4 ≤ moderado < 0,6, 0,2 ≤ pobre < 0,4 e ruim < 0,2.

Resultados: Quatro métricas se mostraram adequadas para discriminar trechos com maior qualidade biótica daqueles degradados. Cinco trechos de riacho (18%) foram classificados como referência ou bom e 16 (60%) como pobre ou ruim. Três trechos de referência podem ser usados para um programa de restauração hidromorfológica.

Conclusões: Esses resultados indicaram que muitos aspectos da integridade biológica foram alterados, indicativo de severa degradação. Nossos resultados podem ser úteis para um projeto de gestão e restauração da bacia hidrográfica do Sorocaba/Médio Tietê.
 

Palavras-chave

riachos urbanos, qualidade do habitat, Índice de Integridade Biótica

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Publication date:
06/14/2021

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