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Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
https://actalb.org/article/doi/10.1590/S2179-975X4922
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
Original Article

Reproductive aspects of prawn Desmocaris trispinosa (Aurivillius, 1898) from a periurban stream of Abidjan (Banco stream, Côte d'Ivoire)

Aspectos reprodutivos do camarão Desmocaris trispinosa (Aurivillius, 1898) em um riacho suburbano de Abidjan (riacho Banco, Costa do Marfim)

Wayrawélé Yasmen Koné; Mexmin Koffi Konan; Nakouma Konaté

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Abstract

Abstract:

Aim: Characterize habitats and determine the reproductive parameters of the prawn Desmocaris trispinosa (Aurivillius, 1898) from Banco stream, a periurban stream of Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire, West Africa).

Methods: Sampling was conducted monthly, from July 2020 to June 2021 at four stations. Environmental characteristics were measured before prawn sampling. The sampling was made with a dipnet during five-minute active fishing conducted by a single operator at each station.

Results: According to environmental variables, sampling stations were divided into three groups: almost undamaged (B4), slightly disturbed (B1) and disturbed (B2 and B3). In total, 467 specimens of D. trispinosa were captured in which 127 males, 275 females and 65 juveniles. Overall, the sex ratio (1:2.1) was in favour of females. Considering stations, the sex ratio was also in favour of females. But, only in the almost undamaged station (B4), the difference was significant (χ2 = 70.20; P<0.001). At this station, a variation of sex-ratio was observed in two seasons. In total, 116 ovigerous females were analysed on all stations. Fecundity varies from 5 to 16 oocytes with an average of 11.03 ± 2.18. First maturity size was estimated at 4.82 mm carapace length for the combined data. Females from the station free from human activities (B4) reached sexual maturity (4.23 mm) before those of the other stations (4.97 in B1 and 5.70 mm in B2). D. trispinosa from Banco stream reproduces continuously year-round with two peaks in the rainy season. The oocyte volume was negatively influenced by temperature and positively by dissolved oxygen.

Conclusions: D. trispinosa reproduces year-round in undisturbed stations and reaches sexual maturity faster at these stations compared to disturbed stations. The sex ratio was in favour of females. Consequently, this species would be naturally polygamous.
 

Keywords

reproduction parameters, Desmocaris trispinosa, West African, stream

Resumo

Resumo:

Objetivo: Caracterizar habitats e determinar os parâmetros reprodutivos do camarão Desmocaris trispinosa (Aurivillius 1898) do riacho Banco, uma ribeira periurbana de Abidjan (Costa do Marfim, África Ocidental).

Métodos: A amostragem foi realizada mensalmente, de julho de 2020 a junho de 2021 em quatro estações. As características ambientais foram mensuradas antes da amostragem do camarão. A amostragem foi feita com rede de mergulho durante cinco minutos de pesca ativa realizada por um único operador em cada estação.

Resultados: De acordo com as variáveis ambientais, as estações de amostragem foram divididas em três grupos: quase intactas (B4), levemente perturbadas (B1) e perturbadas (B2 e B3). No total, foram capturados 467 exemplares de D. trispinosa, sendo 127 machos, 275 fêmeas e 65 juvenis. No geral, a razão sexual (1:2,1) foi a favor do sexo feminino. Considerando as estações, a razão sexual também foi a favor do sexo feminino. Mas, apenas na estação quase intacta (B4), a diferença foi significativa (χ2 = 70,20; P<0,001). Nesta estação, foi observada variação da razão sexual em duas estações. No total, 116 fêmeas ovígeras foram analisadas em todas as estações. A fecundidade varia de 5 a 16 oócitos com média de 11,03 ± 2,18. O tamanho da primeira maturidade foi estimado em 4,82 mm comprimento de carapaça para os dados combinados. As fêmeas da estação livre de atividades humanas (B4) atingiram a maturidade sexual (4,23 mm) antes das demais estações (4,97 em B1 e 5,70 mm em B2). D. trispinosa do córrego do Banco se reproduz continuamente durante todo o ano com dois picos na estação chuvosa. O volume oocitário foi influenciado negativamente pela temperatura e positivamente pelo oxigênio dissolvido.

Conclusões: D. trispinosa reproduz-se durante todo o ano em estações não perturbadas e atinge a maturidade sexual mais rapidamente nestas estações em comparação com estações perturbadas. A razão de sexo foi a favor das fêmeas. Consequentemente, esta espécie seria naturalmente polígama.
 

Palavras-chave

parâmetros de reprodução, Desmocaris trispinosa, África Ocidental, riacho

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Submitted date:
07/28/2022

Accepted date:
11/01/2022

Publication date:
11/17/2022

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