Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
https://actalb.org/article/doi/10.1590/S2179-975X3722
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
Short Research Note

Ornamental aquaculture as a pathway for the introduction of non-native fish in coastal drainage of northeastern Brazil

Aquicultura ornamental como caminho para a introdução de peixes não nativos na drenagem costeira do nordeste do Brasil

Jefferson Saulo da Vitória Luduvice; Marcelo Fulgêncio Guedes Brito

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Abstract

Abstract:: Aim: We present the first record of the introduction of three non-native ornamental fish species, resulting from ornamental aquaculture escapes on the Northeast Mata Atlântica hydrographic ecoregion, with information on the reproductive activity.

Methods: The specimens were collected bimonthly between 2018 and 2019 using seine and sieve nets, and analyzed for determination of reproductive phases.

Results: A total of 830 specimens were collected, corresponding to the species Hyphessobrycon eques (N= 311), Poecilia reticulata (N= 500), and Xiphophorus maculatus (N= 19). We used 250 specimens for reproductive analysis. Hyphessobrycon eques and P. reticulata were reproductively active throughout the sampling period. Among the species, the smallest reproductive female measured 22.26 mm (H. eques), 12.53 mm (P. reticulata), and 17.58 mm (X. maculatus). The smallest males measured 20.64 mm (H. eques), 10.71 mm (P. reticulata), and 17.17 mm (X. maculatus).

Conclusions: The presence of reproductive specimens of H. eques and P. reticulata throughout the year supports the hypothesis of their establishment. We hypothesize that the introduction of X. maculatus is a recent event.

Keywords

accidental escapes, exotic species, invasiveness, dispersion, plasticity

Resumo

Resumo:: Objetivo: Apresentamos o primeiro registro da introdução de três espécies de peixes ornamentais não nativas, decorrente de escapes de aquicultura ornamental para a ecorregião hidrográfica Mata Atlântica Nordeste, com informações sobre a atividade reprodutiva.

Métodos: Os exemplares foram coletados bimestralmente entre 2018 e 2019 usando redes de arrasto e peneira, e analisados para determinação das fases reprodutivas.

Resultados: Um total de 830 espécimes foram coletados, correspondentes às espécies Hyphessobrycon eques (N= 311), Poecilia reticulata (N= 500) e Xiphophorus maculatus (N= 19). Foram utilizados 250 exemplares para análise reprodutiva. Hyphessobrycon eques e P. reticulata estiveram em atividade reprodutiva durante todo o período amostral. Entre as espécies, as menores fêmeas reprodutivas mediram 22.26 mm (H. eques), 12.53 mm (P. reticulata), e 17.58 mm (X. maculatus). Os menores machos reprodutivos mediram 20.64 mm (H. eques), 10.71 mm (P. reticulata), e 17.17 mm (X. maculatus).

Conclusões: A presença de espécimes reprodutivos de H. eques e P. reticulata durante todo o ano suporta a hipótese de que estão estabelecidas. Hipotetizamos que a introdução de X. maculatus é um evento recente.
 

Palavras-chave

escapes acidentais, espécies exóticas, invasividade, dispersão, plasticidade

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Submitted date:
06/10/2022

Accepted date:
04/10/2023

Publication date:
05/23/2023

646ccb31a953952b3e0b78e3 alb Articles
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Acta Limnol. Bras. (Online)

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