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Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
https://actalb.org/article/doi/10.1590/S2179-975X2820
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
Original Article

Maturity, growth and natural mortality rate of the introduced fish Parachromis managuensis (Perciformes: Cichlidae) in the semiarid region of Brazil

Maturidade, crescimento e taxa de mortalidade natural do peixe introduzido Parachromis managuensis (Perciformes: Cichlidae) na região semiárida do Brasil

Amanda Graziele Araújo Resende; Elton José de França; Cícero Diogo Lins de Oliveira; Francisco Marcante Santana

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Abstract

Abstract:: Aim: The present study aimed to estimate the sexual maturity, growth and mortality rates of the jaguar guapote, Parachromis managuensis, an introduced fish species in the Brazilian semiarid region.

Methods: Specimens were collected between December 2015 and November 2016, in a dam at Serra Talhada municipality, Pernambuco, where the species was abundant.

Results: In total, 520 individuals were analyzed, with total lengths (TL) varying between 23 and 240 mm. Length at sexual maturity varied between 130.87 and 140.68 mm TL (Mean = 135.78 mm TL). Through the modal progression of monthly frequency distributions, the following growth parameters were obtained according to the von Bertalanffy model: L = 341.40 mm, k = 0.840 and t0 = -0.035 year-1. Ages varied from 0.05 to 1.41 year, and an age at first maturity between 0.48 and 0.53 year (Mean = 0.51 year), with the largest part of the sample (72.64%) made of adult individuals. Natural mortality rates (M) were estimated from three different methods, varying between 1.53 and 3.04, with a mean of 2.27.

Conclusions: P. managuensis shows fast growth and maturation and high natural mortalities, which grants it biological advantages when compared to native species from the same trophic level in the area.

Keywords

Jaguar Guapote, Northeastern Brazil, length-weight relationship, age structure

Resumo

Resumo:: Obietivo: O presente estudo teve como objetivo estimar a maturidade sexual, o crescimento e as taxas de mortalidade do peixe introduzido na região do semiárido brasileiro, o jaguar guapote, Parachromis managuensis.

Métodos: Os exemplares foram coletados entre os meses de Dezembro de 2015 e Novembro de 2016, em um açude do município de Serra Talhada, Pernambuco, onde a espécie é abundante.

Resultados: Um total de 520 indivíduos foram analisados, com comprimentos totais (CT) que variaram entre 23 e 240 mm. O comprimento de maturação sexual variou entre 130,87 e 140,68 mm CT (Média = 135,78 cm CT). Através da progressão modal das distribuições de frequência mensais, foram obtidos os seguintes parâmetros de crescimento segundo o modelo de von Bertalanffy: L = 341,40 mm, k = 0,840 e t0 = -0,035 ano-1. As idades variaram entre 0,05 a 1,41 ano, com uma idade de primeira maturação entre 0,48 e 0,53 ano (Média = 0,51 ano), sendo a maior parte da amostra (72,64%) formada por indivíduos adultos. Taxas de mortalidade natural (M) foram estimadas à partir de três diferentes métodos, e variaram entre 1,53 e 3,04, com uma média de 2,27.

Conclusão: P. managuensis possui crescimento e maturação rápida e altas mortalidades naturais, o que lhe dá vantagens biológicas em relação a espécies nativas do mesmo nível trófico na área.
 

Palavras-chave

Jaguar Guapote, Nordeste do Brasil, relação peso-comprimento, estrutura etária

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Submitted date:
03/31/2020

Accepted date:
09/08/2020

Publication date:
11/03/2020

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